Rio Robotic Arm

What is MAKOplasty®?

MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing and MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement are enabled by the surgeon controlled RIO® robotic arm system, offering increased accuracy to optimize surgical results.

MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing

Partial Knee Replacement is a treatment option for adults living with early-to mid-stage osteoarthritis (OA) that has not progressed to all three compartments of the knee. MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing is an advanced treatment option. It is powered by the RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System, which allows the surgeon to perform surgery accurately through a smaller incision as compared to manual procedures. By selectively targeting the part of the knee damaged by OA, surgeons can resurface the knee while sparing the healthy bone and ligaments surrounding it.

MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing Benefits May Include:

  • Preservation of healthy tissue and bone — only diseased portions are removed
  • Optimal implant positioning
  • Less pain
  • A more natural feeling knee following surgery
  • More rapid recovery and shorter hospital stay compared to traditional total knee Resurfacing surgery

MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement

MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement is a breakthrough solution for adults suffering from painful degenerative joint disease of the hip who need a total hip replacement. It is powered by the surgeon-controlled.

RIO® Robotic Arm System, which enables more accurate implant placement, which may reduce complications, such as implant wear and dislocation.

MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement Benefits May Include:

  • Accurate placement of your hip implant, which can reduce the likelihood of hip dislocation
  • More consistency in leg length, potentially decreasing the need for a shoe lift
  • Decreased risk of impingement and dislocation, this may improve the life expectancy of the hip replacement

Before surgery, a CT scan is taken of the patient's knee, and a 3D model created using the RIO system's software. From this model, a pre-surgical plan is developed for the positioning of implants based on that patient's unique anatomy.

To ensure implants are optimally positioned and that the soft tissues of the knee are balanced for a good surgical outcome, surgeons can test and fine tune the plan before surgery by moving the leg through different ranges of motion. The RIO provides measurements and visualization, and the surgeon adjusts the plan as needed.

Once the surgical plan is finalized, it is programmed into the RIO, which creates a safety zone for bone removal. While the surgeon guides the robotic arm and is in control of it at all times, the RIO ensures that bone removal stays with the safety zone of the surgical plan, providing auditory, visual and tactile feedback, stopping the robotic arm if necessary before bone can be removed outside the planned area. Once the bone preparation is complete, the implants are placed in the knee.