Depending on your symptoms, medical management may be the best way to treat your fibroids. These treatments can control the symptoms associated with fibroids, but they do not make your fibroids disappear.
Oral Contraceptive Pills
Oral contraceptive pills can control some of the symptoms associated with uterine fibroids. Oral contraceptives can make menstrual cycles more predictable, shorter, and lighter. Menstrual pain is often improved with the use of oral contraceptive pills.
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
The Mirena® IUD is FDA approved for treating heavy menstrual cycles. In fact, 85% of women have no menstrual cycle after 3 months of use. The Mirena® IUD is not recommended for the treatment of all types of fibroids. Submucosal fibroids can increase the rate of expulsion of the IUD.
GnRH agonists are medications that work with your body to decrease the production of estrogen. Fibroids have estrogen receptors, so the decrease in estrogen reduces the size of the uterus and fibroids. Shrinking the size of uterine fibroids can help control some of the symptoms associated with fibroids.