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Ochsner Neuroscience Institute
A reputation for leading-edge, patient-centered care has made the Ochsner Neuroscience Institute a nationwide destination center for patients with a wide variety of neurological conditions. In fact, ours is the only center of its kind in the Gulf South to achieve a national ranking from U.S. News & World Report in neurology and neurosurgery.
Neurological diseases can be relentless. So are we.
Armed with the latest technology, Ochsner treats patients of all ages with even the most complex and rare neurological conditions. Every year, our multispecialty team of nationally recognized experts from neurology, neurosurgery, neurocritical care, neuroradiology, and physical medicine and rehabilitation treats hundreds of patients from all over the region. Our outcomes speak for themselves.
- U.S. News & World Report 2018-2019 Best Hospitals listing ranks Ochsner as #38 in the entire United States for neurology and neurosurgery. Ochsner is the only hospital ranked in Louisiana
- Recipient of the Healthgrades Neurosciences Excellence Award (TM) seven years in a row (2012-2018) and named among the Top 5% in the nation for Neurosciences for six years in a row (2013-2018)
- Recognized by Becker’s Hospital Review as one of the top 100 hospitals & health systems with great neurosurgery and spine programs (2017)
- Recipient of the Healthgrades 2018 Cranial Neurosurgery Excellence Award (TM) and named among the Top 5% in the nation for Cranial Neurosurgery in 2018
Tops in Technology
The Ochsner Neuroscience Institute offers the latest diagnostic and therapeutic technologies for our patients with diseases of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves or muscles.
- Robotic Surgery – The latest cranial robotic technology is available to our team to be used for neurosurgery
- Stereotactic Radiosurgery – A noninvasive, outpatient treatment for brain tumors and other disorders that uses targeted high-powered X-ray techniques
- Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography (PET/CT) – A premier imaging technology used to identify cancer, dementia and brain disorders
- Telestroke Network – A network of our 50 facilities using the latest remote monitoring technology, bringing first-class care to stroke patients within the states of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama
- Comprehensive Epilepsy Monitoring Unit – Accredited by the National Association of Epilepsy Centers (NAEC) as a Level IV Epilepsy Center
- VisuLASE - a minimally invasive procedure that uses tiny fiber optic probes to help treat epilepsy.
- Fetal Surgery – The first in the region to have a multidisciplinary team dedicated to fetal surgery. We provide in utero treatment options for treatment of certain congenital spinal diseases
Physical and emotional signs of a neurological condition may include any of the following symptoms:
- Balance issues/instability
- Decreased alertness
- Difficulty reading and writing
- Double vision
- Head and face pain
- Headaches or migraine
- Impaired conditions
- Memory loss
- Mood swings or sudden outbursts
- Muscle weakness
- Pain in the extremities
- Partial or complete loss of sensation
- Partial or complete paralysis
- Poor cognitive abilities
- Slurred speech
- Unexplained pain
- Walking difficulty
If you or a loved one is experiencing any of these symptoms, contact our Neuroscience team to schedule an appointment.
Areas of Expertise
- General adult neurology
- Pain in the extremities
- Double vision
- Memory disorders
- Memory loss, including Alzheimer’s disease
- Cognitive impairments or age-related changes
- Epilepsy and seizures
- convulsions, epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) follow-up
- Movement disorders
- including Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, dystonia, Huntington’s disease, Muscle Spasticity, Gait (walking) instability, and others
- Headache disorders
- Head and face pain, including trigeminal neuralgia
- Autonomic cephalgias, including cluster headache
- Nerve and muscle disorders
- Including carpal tunnel syndrome, ALS, Myasthenia Gravis, EMG studies for neuropathy diagnosis, Bell’s palsy, Myopathy
- Sports neurology and concussions, including traumatic brain injuries
- Vascular Neurology, including hospital follow-ups
- Multiple sclerosis
- Pediatric neurology
- Rehabilitation and therapy
- Physical, occupational and speech therapy
- Stroke, spinal cord or head injury, and neurological diseases
- Gait disorders
Conditions We Treat
Ochsner’s expert neuroscience team specializes in a wide range of treatments for adult and pediatric neurological conditions.
The Neuroscience Institute includes care teams specializing in:
- Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (PM&R)
- Neurocritical Care
Our subspecialists provide treatment and care through our specialized team and centers in the following areas:
- Adult Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Center
- Back and Spine Center
- Epilepsy Center
- General Neurology
- General Neurosurgery
- Headache Center
- Memory & Cognitive Disorders
- Movement Disorders
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Center
- Neuromuscular Disorders
- Pediatric Neurology
- Pediatric Neurosurgery
- Pediatric Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
- Sports Neurology
- Stroke Center
- Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI)
From diagnosis and treatment to outpatient neurorehabilitation, we are there for our patients every step of the way.
Examples of specific conditions we treat include:
Acoustic neuroma – a benign tumor that develops on the vestibulocochlear nerve (also known as a vestibular schwannoma).
Acromegaly – presence of excess growth hormone in the blood.
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) – a rare demyelinating disease of the central nervous system.
Alzheimer’s Disease – the most common cause of dementia.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – a progressive disease that causes the degeneration of motor neurons.
Aneurysm – a weak spot along a blood vessel that can burst and bleed into the brain
Anti MOG Syndrome – an inflammatory demyelinating disease once considered part of the multiple sclerosis spectrum.
Arnold-Chiari malformation – a structural defect in which brain tissue is pushed down out of the skull and into the spinal canal.
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) – an abnormal tangle of blood vessels.
Astrocytoma – a type of brain cancer.
Ataxia – impaired coordination that could affect a person’s ability to walk, talk and use fine motor skills.
Autoimmune encephalitis – inflammation of the brain that occurs when the brain is attacked by the body’s immune system.
Brachial plexus injuries – an untold injury to the network of nerves that conducts signals from the spinal cord to the shoulder, arm and hand.
Brain tumor – a mass of abnormal cells in the brain.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – a condition due to compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist at the carpal tunnel causing pain, numbness and tingling in the thumb and fingers.
Carotid Artery Disease – when plaques build up inside the carotid arteries.
Cavernous malformation – a cluster of small blood vessels (capillaries) with an enlarged and irregular structure.
Cerebellar Ataxia – the inability to control voluntary muscle movements.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak – an escape of the colorless fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
Chordoma – a cancer that occurs at the base of the skull or along the spinal column.
Chronic daily headache – a group of headache disorders in which headache pain occurs at least 15 days per month during a 3-month period.
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) – a disorder that causes the body’s immune system to attack and damage the myelin sheath of the peripheral nerve.
Cleft and craniofacial disorders – abnormalities of the head and face that can affect physical appearance and important functions, such as eating and eyesight.
Cleft lip – a separation in the lip that occurs when the lip does not form completely before birth.
Cleft palate – a condition where the tissue that makes up the roof of the mouth, called the palate, does not join together completely before birth.
Cluster headaches – Painful headache periods that can last several weeks or months and be followed by pain-free periods that last months or years.
Colloid cysts – brain lesions found in the center of the brain where cerebrospinal fluid is produced and flows through on its way to the outside of the brain.
Concussion – an injury caused by rapid, forceful movement of the brain against the skull.
Corticobasal degeneration – a progressive disorder in which several regions of the brain deteriorate and shrink, causing difficulties with movement and thinking.
Craniopharyngioma – a most often benign tumor that will invade surrounding structures if left untreated.
Cushing’s Disease – a debilitating endocrine disorder resulting from excessive levels of cortisol.
Diplopia – Double vision.
Dissection – a tear in the lining of an artery.
Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) – a vascular anomaly formed by an abnormal connection between an artery within the tough covering of the brain and a vein that carries blood from the brain back to the heart.
Dystonia – a condition characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that cause repetitive or twisting movements of an affected body part.
Epilepsy – a condition that causes spontaneous, repeated seizures.
Essential tremor – a disease that causes uncontrollable shaking, usually in the hands.
Gait disturbance or balance problems – common features in patients with movement disorders.
Gigantism – accelerated growth during childhood from the production of excess growth hormone.
Glioblastoma multiforme tumors (glioblastomas) – malignant brain tumors that develop from cells that support and maintain the nerve cells in the brain.
Headache – general term for pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck.
Hemifacial spasm – a neuromuscular disorder characterized by frequent involuntary muscle spasms on one side of the face.
Hemorrhagic stroke – event that occurs when blood escapes from a damaged or weakened blood vessel in the brain, causing pressure and swelling that can result in damage to brain cells.
Hereditary optic neuropathies – conditions in which genetic defects cause vision loss by damaging the optic nerve.
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) – a genetic disorder that causes abnormal blood vessels, potentially resulting in hemorrhaging.
Histiocytosis – the abnormal buildup of immature histiocytes (infection-fighting cells) in some parts of the body.
Huntington’s Disease – an inherited disease that causes progressive degeneration of nerve cells (neurons) in the brain and can lead to uncontrolled movements, cognitive problems, and emotional disturbances.
Hydrocephalus – condition in which the clear fluid that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord, builds up inside cavities in the brain, causes the ventricles to enlarge and the pressure inside the head to increase.
Hyperhidrosis – excessive sweating.
Hypothalamic hamartomas (HH) – rare, benign tumors of the hypothalamus, a region of your brain that regulates many of your body’s systems.
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension – disorder where the fluid that surrounds and protects the brain and spinal cord accumulates abnormally, causing increased pressure within the skull.
IgG4 Related Neurological Disease – a multi-system inflammatory disorder.
Imbalance – problems with balance that can cause you to feel dizzy or unstable on your feet.
Inherited stroke disorders – rare genetic disorders that affect the circulatory system and predispose people to have an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke.
Intracerbral hemorrhage – bleeding within the brain.
Intracranial hypotension – condition in which there is abnormally low pressure or volume within the skull due to a reduction in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
Intracranial stenosis – severe narrowing of an artery within the skull restricting blood flow to areas of the brain, increasing the risk of stroke.
Ischemic optic neuropathy – sudden loss of vision due to an interruption in blood flow to the optic nerve.
Ischemic stroke – stroke caused by an inadequate supply of blood and oxygen to the brain caused by a blockage of an artery.
Lewy body disease – a condition related to Parkinson’s disease involving the accumulation of an abnormal protein in brain cells resulting in dementia and hallucinations.
Lumbar spondylolisthesis – a condition in which a vertebra in the lower back slips forward out of position onto the bone below it.
Macroadenoma – a benign tumor of the pituitary gland with diameter larger than 10 mm
Meningioma – a usually noncancerous tumor that arises from the protective coverings of the brain and spinal cord.
Microadenoma – a benign tumor of the pituitary gland with a diameter less than 10 mm.
Migraine – a primary headache disorder characterized by throbbing and pulsating headache pain, often accompanied by other symptoms.
Moyamoya disease – a condition of progressive blockage of the internal carotid arteries, potentially leading to a stroke or cerebral hemorrhage.
Multiple sclerosis and neuroinflammatory diseases – disease in which the body’s immune system attacks the central nervous system, made up of the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves.
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) – a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects both voluntary muscle movements and involuntary functions, such as a blood pressure and heart rate.
Muscular dystrophies – neuromuscular diseases that cause progressive muscle weakness and degeneration.
Myasthenia gravis – an autoimmune disease characterized by weakness and rapid fatigue of voluntary muscles.
Myelopathy – a disorder that results from abnormal function compression of the spinal cord.
Myopathies – disorders that cause problems with the function of the muscles that control voluntary movement.
Myositis – muscle inflammation which can cause pain and be accompanied by muscle weakness.
Neuro-ophthalmology – the field dealing with disorders of vision that may have a neurologic basis.
Neurodegenerative disorders – conditions that affect the nerve cells (neurons) in the brain and spinal cord, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS), and Parkinson’s disease.
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) – a disease syndrome in which immune system cells and antibodies attack and destroy myelin cells in the optic nerves and spinal cord.
Neuropathy – term used to describe damage to the nerves or diseases, symptoms, or side effects that impact the nerves.
Neurosarcoidosis – a complication of sarcoidosis, in which inflammation occurs in the brain, spinal cord, and other areas of the nervous system
Nonfunctioning Tumors – Pituitary adenomas are almost always benign growths that can create pressure on the pituitary gland and on the structures near the pituitary.
Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) – an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the cavities of the brain, which can impair memory and walking.
Nutritional optic neuropathy – a visual impairment that occurs when nutritional deficiency damages the optic nerve.
Nystagmus – rapid, involuntary movement of one or both eyes.
Occipital neuralgia – a kind of headache characterized by pain in the upper neck, back of the head, and behind the ears.
Optic nerve disorders – damage along the optic nerve pathway that causes specific patterns of vision loss.
Optic neuritis – inflammation of the optic nerves.
Papilledema – swelling of the optic disc due to an increase in pressure within the skull.
Parkinson’s Disease – a progressive neurological condition that affects a person’s movement, gait and balance.
Pituitary tumor – an abnormal growth of cells within or around the pituitary gland.
Plexopathy – abnormality of a network of nerves that can cause pain, weakness and/or numbness/tingling.
Pompe disease – a rare neuromuscular disorder caused by the buildup of a complex sugar called glycogen.
Post-concussion syndrome – a conditions in which symptoms such as headache and dizziness persist for weeks or months following a concussion.
Primary lateral sclerosis – a motor neuron disease that causes progressive weakness in the muscles of the legs that can progress to the arms, hands, and trunk.
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) – a disorder that causes problems with balance, walking, vision, speech, swallowing, personality, and cognition.
Prolactinoma – a noncancerous tumor of the pituitary gland that produces the hormone prolactin.
Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) – a disorder that causes uncontrollable episodes of crying, laughing, or other emotional displays.
Radiculopathy – abnormality of a nerve near the spinal cord that can cause pain, weakness, and/or numbness/tingling.
Rathke cleft cysts –Fluid-filled benign cysts.
Restless leg syndrome – a condition in which the legs feel extremely uncomfortable.
Scoliosis – an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine.
Seizures – a condition that occurs when there are abnormal electrical impulses in the brain.
Spasticity – a condition in which certain muscles are continuously contracted, causing stiffness the muscles that can interfere with normal movement, speech and gait.
Spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and spinal fistulae – abnormal formations of blood vessels or abnormal connections between blood vessels in and around the spinal cord.
Spinal cord disorders –injuries and diseases that damage the spinal cord, which carries signals between the brain and the rest of the body.
Spinal cord tumor – a mass of tissue in the spinal cord made up of abnormal cells.
Spinal trauma – damage to the spinal cord caused by an injury.
Spinal tumor – an abnormal growth of tissue in the spinal column.
Spina Bifida (in utero) – a birth defect where there is an incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord.
Sports-related injuries – damage to nervous system incurred while playing sports.
Stiff person syndrome – are disorder of unclear characterized by progressive rigidity and stiffness.
Stroke/Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) – a sudden loss of blood flow to the brain causing damage to the brain cells. A TIA is often called a mini-stroke.
Subarachroid hemorrhage – bleeding in the space surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Susac Syndrome – An autoimmune condition that affects the very small blood vessels in the brain, retina, and inner ear, characterized by brain disease, hearing loss and vision loss.
Syncope – a temporary loss of consciousness due to insufficient blood flow to the brain, usually described as fainting or passing out.
Syrinx – a fluid-filled cyst that is characteristic of syringomyelia (a disorder in which a syrinx forms within the spinal cord) and syringobulbia (when the cyst extends to involve the brainstem).
Tethered spinal cord syndrome – a condition in which the spinal cord becomes attached to the lumbar spine.
Thoracic disc herniation – a spinal condition in which the soft center of an intervertebral disc pushes through a tear in the tough outer layer of the disc and into the spinal canal.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone tumors – a pituitary adenoma that can either cause hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
Torticollis – a dystonic condition defined by an abnormal, asymmetrical head or neck position. Also known as wry neck.
Tourette Syndrome – a disorder characterized by multiple recurrent involuntary tics such as eye blinks, grimaces, or knee bends, and vocalizations like grunts, snorts, or utterance of inappropriate words.
Toxic optic neuropathy – a visual impairment that occurs when a toxin damages the optic nerve.
Transient ischemic attack (TIA) –a disturbance in brain function caused by a temporary blockage of blood to the brain, also called a mini-stroke.
Transverse myelitis – a disorder caused by inflammation of the spinal cord.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) – injuries resulting from falls, blunt trauma, motor vehicle crashes and assault.
Traumatic optic neuropathy – injury to the optic nerve, resulting` in partial or complete vision loss.
Tremors, Dyskinesia and Ticks –the presence of involuntary movements.
Trigeminal autonomic cephalgias - a type of headache that occurs with pain on one side of the head as well as other symptoms on the same side, such as eye watering and redness or drooping eyelids.
Trigeminal neuralgia – a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensation from the face to the brain.
Vascular malformations of the spinal cord – abnormally formed blood vessels in the spinal cord.
Vertigo and dizziness – can include sensations such as spinning, light-headedness, near fainting, and unsteadiness.
Visual field defects – a loss of part of the usual field of vision.
Second Opinions Program
The team at the Ochsner Neuroscience Institute is has experience with even the most complex, rare, and challenging diseases. Physicians from all over the Gulf South respect our expertise and don’t hesitate to refer their patients to us for second opinions. Learn more about our Second Opinion Program.